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Cairo is the biggest city and the capital of Egypt. It has a population of about 10 million people and is part of a bigger area called the Greater Cairo metropolitan area, which has around 22.1 million people and is one of the biggest in the world. Cairo is a city that is linked to ancient Egypt because the Giza pyramid complex and other ancient cities like Memphis and Heliopolis are nearby. It was originally called Fustat, founded after the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641, but it was later replaced by Cairo founded by the Fatimid dynasty in 969. The city is important for the area's politics and culture, and has many Islamic buildings, which is why it is called "the city of a thousand minarets." Cairo's historic center is considered a World Heritage Site, and it is classified as a World City.


Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is located at the junction of the Nile Valley and the Nile Delta regions and sits at the crossing of major trade routes between North Africa and the Levant. The area has been a focal point for Ancient Egypt due to its strategic location. Two important cities, Memphis and Heliopolis, were located near present-day Cairo. The origins of modern Cairo are generally traced back to the establishment of the Roman fortress of Babylon in the fourth century AD. In 641, after the Muslim conquest of Egypt, a new city, Fustat, was established near Babylon Fortress by Amr ibn al-As, and served as the new administrative capital of Egypt. The city of Cairo was founded by the Fatimid empire in 969 and served as the new capital of the caliphate. During Ottoman rule, Cairo continued to grow and modernize until Egypt gained independence in 1922. In the second half of the twentieth century, Cairo continued to grow, and the population explosion led to the rise of “informal” housing and the creation of new satellite cities to house the growing population.

Cairo Attractions

Unveiling the Treasures of an Ancient Metropolis

Discover the captivating attractions of Cairo, where ancient wonders, vibrant markets, and a rich cultural heritage converge to create an unforgettable experience.

Qalawun Complex

Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah Mosque

Aqsunqur Mosque

Sultan Hassan Mosque

Al Azhar Mosque

Al-Rifa’i Mosque

Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad

Hanging Church

Saint Barbara

St. George Convent

Church of Abu-Sergah

Saint Mena Church

St Mark Coptic Orthodox

Abdeen Palace Museum

Al Manial Palace

Beshtak Palace

Al-Gawhara Palace

Beit Al-Razzaz

Zaafarana Palace

Amir Taz Palace

Al Sakakini Palace

Cairo Private Transfer

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